Geek speak: the terminology explained

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By  Published  December 3, 2006


Notes that the administrator can add to the top, bottom or main text of outgoing e-mails.

Assembly area

The designated area at which employees, visitors, and contractors assem- ble when evacuated from their building or site.

Best practice

Or good practice; A process or methodology that has been proven to work well and produce good results, and is therefore recommended as a model. Some people prefer to use the term ‘good practice’ as in reality it is debateable whether there is a single ‘best’ approach.

Collaborative spam databases

Shared information among e-mail security service providers and other bodies of known sources of spam.

Critical functions

Business activities or information that could not be interrupted or unavailable for several business days without significantly jeopardising operation of the organisation.


Short for disk-to-disk, a type of data storage backup in which the data is copied from a disk —typically a hard disk — to another disk — such as another hard disk or other disk storage medium. In a D2D system, the disk that the data is being copied from typically is referred to as the primary disk and the disk that the data is copied to typically is called the secondary or backup disk.

Document management

Systems and processes for managing documents including the creation, editing, production, storage, indexing and disposal of documents. This usually refers to electronic documents and uses specific document management software.


The conversion of data into a form that cannot be read by unauthorised people. Decryption returns data to its original form.

Supply chain management

Supply chain management (SCM) is the oversight of materials, information, and finances as they move in a process from supplier to manufacturer to wholesaler to retailer to consumer. Supply chain management involves coordinating and integrating these flows both within and among companies. It is said that the ultimate goal of any effective supply chain management system is to reduce inventory (with the assumption that products are available when needed).

As a solution for successful supply chain management, sophisticated software systems with web interfaces are competing with web-based application service providers (ASP) who promise to provide part or all of the SCM service for companies who rent their service.

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